Research Proposal and Annotated Bibliography

Research Proposal/Annotated Bibliography


A research proposal and annotated bibliography is the next step in writing your research paper. Your research proposal will introduce your topic for Essay Three and the sources you will discuss in the annotated bibliography. In your annotated bibliography, you will demonstrate what research you have done since the inception of this project and what it has shown so far. It will help you organize and learn more about the material you have gathered during the research process, an important step before you can write an effective expository essay.


  • Analyze, evaluate, document, and draw inferences from various sources
  • Identify, select, and analyze appropriate research methods, research questions and evidence for a specific rhetorical situation
  • Integrate others’ ideas with your own
  • Use grammatical, stylistic, and mechanical formats and conventions appropriate to rhetorical situations and audience constraints


Some annotated bibliographies function as a list of sources with a brief summary of the information in the source. Others involve more information that helps when it’s time to write the paper. This assignment is a rather extended bibliography. You will use MLA format for this assignment as you write a rhetorical précis (see below) rather than a traditional annotated bibliography. Remember to explain in a separate paragraph:

  • How you will use the source in your paper.
  • How it supports or contradicts your thesis.

In addition you might also consider:

  • How this source relates to your other sources.
  • What questions the topic raises or answers
  • Including a short quote you might want to use in your paper.

First paragraph = rhetorical précis

Second paragraph = above


240-300 word introduction

Minimum of 3 sources

MLA Format

Double-spaced 12 pt Times New Roman


Your annotated bibliography will be evaluated on the following:

  • Rhetorical precis guidelines
  • Summary of ideas
  • Organization
  • Mechanics, usage, and punctuation
  • Effective use of the MLA bibliographic format

The Rhetorical Precis

A rhetorical précis is a formatted summary useful in helping the research identify important elements of a text. The summary form may be helpful for you when you write your annotated bibliography since it is intended to make you understand and question your text more completely. The rhetorical précis is helpful because it forces you to concisely articulate important elements of a text. The format acknowledges the Rhetorical Situation—that is, it forces writers to identify key material quickly, it assumes the text in question is persuasive, it facilitates articulation of the thesis statement in a work, and it recognizes the importance of the author’s purpose to help contextualize the material.

Developed by Margaret K. Woodworth, the précis includes four sentences in the following order.

The first sentence includes the name of the author, the genre, title, date in parenthesis, a rhetorically accurate verb (ex. argues, asserts, suggests, implies) and a clause containing the major assertion (thesis statement) of the work.

The second sentence is an explanation of how the author develops and/or supports the thesis, usually in chronological order.

The third sentence is a statement of the author’s apparent purpose, followed by an “in order” phrase.

The fourth sentence is a “description of the intended audience and/or the relationship the author establishes with the audience”.

Deadline: Sunday, November 17 by 11:59 pm via Dropbox


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