Finding Sources and Removing Fallacies

Hi All,

I’d like to start by congratulating most of you on successfully submitting your first assignment! I want to remind a few others of the protocol. You all need to make sure you place the assignment into the folder you shared with me during the first two weeks of class. Once you’ve placed it in the folder that is all you need to do. Please do not share the individual file with me. Just put it in your folder and you’re all set.  P.S. A few of you need to go in and rename your folders. Remember the name should be LastnameFirstInitial-ENGL 1102 (ex. SlaughterD-ENGL 1102). A few of you titled your folder some variation of English 1102 with no mention of your name. This makes it difficult for me to keep track of each person’s work. You do not need to create a new folder. Just rename the folder you shared with me already and it will update on my end. 

This week we will start discussing how to remove fallacies from your work, as well as how to make sure you’re choosing the correct sources for an academic argument. On Wednesday, we will have our first out of class work day, which I will give more details about during Monday’s class.

For Monday’s class come prepared to discuss chapters 5 and 17-19 of Everything’s an Argument.

For Wednesday’s out of class assignment, you will need to read the following speeches:

“Inaugural Address” President Kennedy

“First Inaugural Address” President Obama

“Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation” Pres Roosevelt

“9/11 Address to the Nation” Pres GW Bush

More details on the assignment will be posted on Tuesday evening.

See you on Monday evening,

Mrs. Slaughter

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One thought on “Finding Sources and Removing Fallacies

  1. President Kennedy delivered his inaugural speech on January 20, 1961. He introduces his inauguration with an emotional appeal as a “celebration of freedom” and as a new beginning for the American people in particular and a new dawn of hope for mankind in general.
    Although President Kennedy attempts to move his audience by stressing the high sense of unity and perpetuation of the American dream, he remains realistic of the global challenges of post World War II. Yet, He invites his fellow citizens, America’s friends and potential protagonists to unite their efforts to work towards the achievement of a peaceful world. The 1960s are also known as the end of colonization in most of the third world and the birth of new countries. He tacitly welcomes them to the free world and subtly recommends them to embrace democracy. Also, although he does not fear for communism expansion, his ideology aims at the reduction of poverty on a global scale. This speech is merely a smile to those who might be tempted to threaten America’s safety because he rather commands that it would be wiser to use any strength with responsibility so as to safeguard mutual peace. In this speech of hope, President Kennedy adopts a positive and inviting stance to address the critical challenges that existed locally and worldwide when he took power.

    On January 20, 2009, President Obama historically delivered his first inaugural speech. That speech follows a victory after harsh elections that revealed a striking antagonism among America’s main political parties. President Obama acknowledges the serious financial crisis that was going on at the time. However, he did not blame anybody in an effort of emotional appeal to his people. Moreover, he uses a logical appeal when he analyzed the financial crisis as the result of the joint errors of all the citizens. Then, he renewed faithfulness “to the ideals of the forbearers” and the American constitution, and he praises American soldiers and President Bush in an effort of emotional appeal to create unity around his presidency. To talk about his orientation on foreign policy, he uses ethical appeals that display a friendlier and more promising America to the Muslim counties. All in all, President Obama’s inaugural speech displays his positive and hopeful stance when it pertains to taking up the challenges of financial crisis, war on terror and of foreign policy; as he confidently says “All this, we can do”.

    President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, on 8 December 1941 presented to his fellow citizens and the country’s institutions a declaration of war against Japan after the treacherous attacks on a military base in Pearl Harbor. President Roosevelt used logical appeals by using descriptive adjective to make sense of the actions perpetrated by the Japanese Government and military forces. The President who obviously declared war on Japan without a prior consultation of the citizens and the institutions uses emotional and ethical appeals. First, he demonstrated why the attacks were an act of treason, then he gave a graphic list of other attacks Japanese had simultaneously perpetrated in other countries. The objective was to move the populations to follow his lead.

    President Bush’s 9/11 speech is a declaration of war right from the beginning of his lecture. Thus, he speaks in the 1st plural person to emotional appeal to the American people to support the project he is going to gradually unveil. He adopts a very graphic stance in his narrative with hyperbole to explain the “deliberate and deadly…evil, despicable acts of terror”. On the other hand, President Bush in his description of the events reaffirms America’s greatness with metaphoric phrases such as “These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve”. President Bush proves that his developing war against terror is a legitimate cause with an ethical appeal which explains that America has been made to take drastic steps. In the same move, he praises America’s exemplary first responders for their heroic actions that immediately safeguarded America’s greatness. Finally President Bush did not use statistics in his speech; he used the approval of American institutions and supports from America’s allies around the world, as logical appeals to win approvals for his war on terror.

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