Essay One Introductions Go Here

Post your introductory paragraphs for Exploratory Essay in the comments section. I will reply during class time on Monday, February 15, 2016.

Essay One will be due Sunday, February 21st by 11:59 pm in your Dropbox Folders.


23 thoughts on “Essay One Introductions Go Here

  1. (Hello Everyone my proposal topic is still kind of undecided .. thank you)
    In the United States there are multiple roles in place to bring down people of color. I think the origin of this oppression is from people of European descent. People who were once debilitated and lacking essential resources for surviving as a race (as history declares) are now a ruling power. How were thriving civilizations pre-dating European history able to succumb to colonization. How is the real minority group of the world in power? The social movements relevant to what I am proposing are White Imperialism, Civil Rights, and Black Power.

  2. Free Speech Movement
    Being able to use our voices is the key to out freedom. Free speech is apart of our everyday lives and gives individuals the right to express their feelings, opinions and their individuality. The Free Speech Movement (FSM) was started at the University of California at Berkley, during the Fall Semester of 1964. The FSM was initiated by students on that campus who made worldwide headlines using their voices and opinions. The Free Speech Movement has a background story, beginning story, the Free Speech movement itself, and the what happened after the movements, which leads to our society today.
    Firstly, the background story of the Free Speech Movement in the 1930s moving forward, all Universities world wide, imposed rules to not allow politics on the campus or near. This meant to keep all opinions to yourself a a student, unless in class or due to an assignment. When Clark Kerr became President of Berkley University in 1958, groups of students could not protest off-campus, neither electoral nor oratorical. However, Kerr authorized a small area for student groups to politic at, for their usage. In the Fall and Spring of 1963-1964, there were over 500 students arrested de to the protest of the civil rights demonstrations against employers who were for racial discrimination. During the month of July, the students were asked to attend the Republican Convention in Oakland with the employees of Oakland as well, Told by the reporter of Oakland, the political activity that took place on campus was done properly. When this information reached the school administrators, they had to stop it immediately. (This is my first page and the second page follows the Beginning of the Free Speech Movement, in the order of my Thesis Statement)

    1. Hi Necole,

      I’m glad you finally chose a social movement to focus on for your essay. Your introduction contains a lot of information. I want you to think of it as the blueprint for the rest of your essay. Ask yourself — What do you want your audience to expect from your work? What are the things that you absolutely need to include to prepare your audience for what to expect in your essay? What can you save for later?

  3. Black Power Movement

    The Black Power movement grew out of the Civil Rights Movement that had steadily gained momentum through the 1950s and 1960s. Although not a formal movement, the Black Power movement marked a turning point in black-white relations in the United States and also in how blacks saw themselves. The movement was hailed by some as a positive force aimed at helping blacks achieve full equality with whites, but it was viewed by others as a militant, sometimes violent faction whose primary goal was to drive a wedge between whites and blacks. In truth, the Black Power movement was a complex event that took place at a time when society and culture was being transformed throughout the United States, and its legacy reflects that complexity.

  4. The American Indian Movement existed alongside the Civil Rights Movement throughout the Civil Rights Era spanning the 1950s to the 1970s. Many of the members of the American Indian Movement were also organizers and activists in the Civil Rights Movement, and on occasion, the movement is also referred to as the Red Power Movement. Similar to the clenched fist of the Black Power Movement, the symbol of the Red Power Movement is a clenched fist with two fingers raised, representing the eagle feathers that are typical of various types of regalia worn by the soldiers and warriors of the 500 Nations of the original Americans. Two intense events provided a catalyst for national recognition of the American Indian Movement. The more harmonious of the two is the occupation of Alcatraz Island where several hundred protestors at a time occupied the island citing a treaty with the Sioux Nation declaring that surplus federal property should be returned to Original Americans, namely the Sioux Nation, which was claiming the territory in the name of all nations of Native Americans.

    The second, more notorious occupation by the American Indian Movement involves the takeover of the Wounded Knee Settlement on the Pine Ridge Reservation. 200 Oglala Sioux took over the settlement to protest the legislature of the tribal president which banned the American Indian Movement from the reservation. The corrupt president was attempting to prevent the movement from discovering and disclosing his own sorted activities, but this particular occupation went much further than the Alcatraz occupation, which ended peacefully. The Wounded Knee occupation involved the protestors firing at federal agents and government

    cars and aircraft in self defense. The occupation at the Knee was thereby given a darker reputation, though it remains a source of inspiration for Native-American and Civil Rights activism.


    The occupation of Alcatraz Island and the social impacts thereof

    A. Treaty of Fort Laramine between the U.S. and the Lakota

    1. All retired, abandoned or out-of-use federal land was returned to the Native people from whom it was stolen

    2. March 8, 1964. 40 people occupy Alcatraz for four hours. This was only the beginning.

    3. November 20, 1969, 89 Native- Americans embark to occupy Alcatraz Island

    4. 14 of 89 Protestors make it past the Coast Guard to set up the occupation

    B. The length and breadth of the 19 months that Alcatraz was reclaimed for the Sioux Nation.

    1. 400 people at the height of the occupation

    2. Organizers drew inspiration and tactics from contemporary civil rights demonstrations

    3. Many organizers were already involved in contemporary civil rights demonstrations

    4. LaNada Means was among the first occupiers, and she was the last to leave.

    C. The end of the occupation

    1. January 3, 1970, Yvonne Oakes dies in a tragic fall. She is the daughter of lead protestors who don’t have the heart to continue.

    2. Many of the original occupiers have to leave to go back to college.

    3. Newer protestors were less committed, and had personal issues which impeded their leadership

    4. Non-Native hippies began to show up and cloud the original purpose of the occupation.

    The occupation of Wounded Knee and the social impacts thereof

    A. The Wounded Knee settlement is taken over by 200 Oglala Sioux on Pine Ridge reservation

    1. The wounded Knee occupation begins on February 27, 1973

    2. The Oglala Sioux Civil Rights Organization (OSCRO) tries to impeach the corrupt tribal president

    3. Also demanded that treaties be recognized and negations with Native-American nation be re-opened on a mutually respectful, diplomatic level

    B. The length and breadth of the Red Power occupation of Wounded Knee

    1. Oglala and AIM activists controlled the town for 71 days

    2. Wounded Knee was chosen in reverence for the ancestors that died in the 1890 massacre of men, women, and children there.

    3. Ray Robinson, a member of the Civil Rights Movement disappears at Wounded Knee.

    4. Federal Agencies and AIM members trade gunshots in skirmishes over the course of three months.

    C. The end of the Wounded Knee Occupation

    a. Frank Clearwater, a Cherokee who came to join the protest was shot in the head as he slept.

    b. Lawrence Lamont, a Oglala Sioux was killed by a US sniper

    c. Tribal elders call for an end to the occupation

    The paper will also include research on Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, a member of AIM during the Wounded Knee Occupation and Winona LaDuke, a current rights activist advocating for Native-American self determination and land rights.

      1. I am very glad that you like it. Thank you. I wanted to break the text up into more paragraphs, but some professors in my experience have preferred that related concepts be grouped together in larger clumps to preserve the cohesiveness of the information, so I wasn’t sure.

        Personally, I like the smaller paragraph because I feel that it keeps the attention of the reader instead of overwhelming the eyes with text. Smaller bits of text seem appropriate to the pace of today’s society.

        I would value your opinion.

  5. The United Farm Workers movement had the goal of gaining a higher minimum wage for laborers, and gaining appropriate working and living conditions while on farms. Similar to the institutionalized racism the civil rights movement was fighting against, the arguments in opposition to the requests of farm laborers are based on the economic benefits farmers have from cheap labor and power that farmers have due to their profits and political affiliations. The United Farm Workers movement’s most notable event was the Delano grape strike in September of 1965 in which the purchasing of non-union grapes were boycotted. This lead to the United Farm Workers group gaining collective bargaining power with the Delano grape company in 1970. The United Farm Workers movement, as it has come to be known, started with two smaller groups, divided by race. And before this many farm labor rallies had attempted to call for change but been unsuccessful and often met with violence. In order to understand the UFW movement one must also have an understanding of the legislation by state governments and the federal governments which lead to the situation of a surplus of cheap labor, thus abuse of laborers by large growing companies. The Great Depression as well as World War I and World War II also play a role in understanding the circumstances of laborers leading up to the United Farm Workers Movement.

    1. Hi Kristina,

      I’m glad you’ve chosen a less common movement because it means I’ll get to learn some new things this semester as well. Your introduction has a lot of interesting things in it, but I want you to remember that this is the blueprint for the rest of your work. So, ask yourself– what exactly will you teach your audience in this essay? Once you’ve determined that use your introduction as a segway into this material. Summarize what the reader can expect and save the meatier portions of your work for the body paragraphs.

  6. Anti-Bullying Social Movement (Exploratory)

    Bullying, what is that? Let us not kid ourselves, we all know what bullying is. “The word “bully” can be traced back as far as the 1530s (Harper, 2008). There are various and abstract ways that the action of “bullying” could be defined. Though it can be described as using ones power, strength, influence, or even words at the expense of others. This would give the bully a false sense of superiority in a given situation and the individual being bullied a sense of inferiority. As one would imagine the act of bullying is a disgraceful and insensitive act that has been brought more into the light over recent years. The anti-bullying social movement seems to be growing, but the action of bullying is still a very serious issue in the US that will require additional preventative action.

    According to a new study published in The Lancet Psychiatry, “Those bullied by peers often suffer even worse long-term mental health outcomes than those maltreated by adults early in life”. This means that in many cases children whom where bullied in school suffered from worsening long term effects than those whom suffered from child abuse. This should show how extremely important this topic is as in most states child abuse is a felony. So if the children typically suffer more long term effects from bullying than child abuse, one would think that the charges for such would be a reflection of the action and that ending result. Being a victim of bullying can lead to such things as depression, violence, lower self-esteem, lower academic achievements, metal instability, and suicidal tendencies just to name a few.

    A survey on the topic of bullying was conducted in 2011 by the National Center for Education. The results showed that out of 24,690,000 students between the ages of 12-18 a total of 6,809,000 reported to be victims of bullying either at school and/or cyber bullied. This means almost 30% of this youthful student population is facing the hardship of bullying while trying to pursue an education. When 71% of students report incidents of bullying as a problem at their school, it should be very apparent that this is still a current issue that still needs to be addressed. There have been many great campaigns to aid in the fight against bullying. Some have been more beneficial than others, but the numbers speak for themselves.


    Suzet Tanya Lereya, , William E Copeland, , Prof E Jane Costello, , Prof Dieter Wolke. Adult mental health consequences of peer bullying and maltreatment in childhood: two cohorts in two countries.Lancet Psychiatry, 2015 DOI: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00165-0

    U. (2013). Student Reports of Bullying and Byber-Bullying: Results From the 2011 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey. T-1. Retrieved February 15, 2016.

    1. Hi Michael,

      Which anti-bullying movement are you focusing on? There are a few different ones and their missions vary. Or are you looking at the movement as a whole? If you’re trying to narrow it down. I know there is the Stomp Out Bullying and No Bullying Orgs.

  7. The Occupy Wall Street Movement has a very young history. The movement was born in 2011 as a protest of grievances many Americans had about what was happening on Wall Street. It’s a current issue that consistently resurfaces in political discussions and debates between presidential candidates. Citizens don’t literally want to occupy it. What they actually mean by occupying it is: addressing the issue of social and economic inequality. Popular culture has brought this movement to the front lines of the media and kept it there today mostly because of the way an audience size can be stretched to every corner of the world that has internet access. The key source of information for the nationwide audience (for this particular issue) is the presence of social media in our modern society.

    1. Marcelo,

      This is a nice start for your introduction. As you revise your work, remember that the introduction of your essay prepares your reader for what to expect in the rest of your work. You want to make sure you’re summarizing your intentions for the rest of the paper.

  8. The Civil Rights Moverment came at a pivotal time in our history. In the deeply segregated south, where racial hatred was rampant, the Civil Rights Movement sought to address these societal illnesses, primarily with non violence. It was a game changer. In a sense, The Civil Rights Movement was an African American’s Emancipation Proclamation from the dehumanizing conditions of the Jim Crow era. To this day, the movement is survived by leaders such as Al Sharpton, Congressman Joe Lewis, Andrew Young, and Jessie Jackson, to name a few . It the preceded the Black Lives Matter Movement and its tactics were oftentimes borrowed by Gay Right activists. The Civil Rights Movement single handedly set African-Americans on a trajectory for equal rights afforded to us by the United States constitution. Without such a movement, a Barack Obama or a Danielle Slaughter would’ve not been possible.

    1. Hi Dolakeh,

      I’m glad you’ve narrowed down your movement. As you work on your essay, remember that your introduction serves as the blueprint for the rest of your essay. So, what should your audience expect from your work? How do you plan to teach them these things?

      P.S. There were definitely Black people with doctorate degrees prior to the Civil Rights Movement including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

  9. LGBTQIAA Movement

    Millions of people today fight for human rights, such as the right to marry whomever they choose; this includes same sex marriage. Men and women started this long and tedious motion in 1924 with Henry Gerber. Even though Gerber’s organization is not standing, the movement still fights for the right for homosexual, transgender, and asexual acceptance in today’s society. Currently, the LGBTQIAA (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex, Asexual, and Ally) movement has conquered the biggest hurdle: homosexuals having the same marriage rights as heterosexuals. Although this movement has successfully made same sex marriage legal, many people, still, have issues with acceptance. This issue has led to many health issues, hate crimes, and an increase in youth homelessness.

    1. Hi Melanie,

      This paragraph sounds more like a body paragraph than an introduction. Think of your introduction as the blueprint for the rest of your work. Ask yourself what you intend to teach your audience and then make sure you use the introduction to prepare them for the rest of your work.

  10. Hip Hop

    August 11 1973, Clive Campbell or better known by his stage name DJ Kool Herc decided to extend the instrumental beat on his turntables at his sister’s party. This moment in history is universally known as the birth of Hip Hop, Hip Hop is a musical revolution that had and has an immense influence on art, business, politics, and language. Many believe this movement had a negative impact on the young kids and adolescents by promoting violence and illegal activities while others believe Hip Hop can be a positive tool to communicate peace and creativity to the public. In reality, Hip Hop is a multi faceted movement that was born in the 80s and 90s and which has had a complicated relationship with the government and the general views of the public

  11. One of America’s maximum security prisons was in the news this summer when two inmates made their escape from the massive facility in upstate New York and were on the run for weeks. The search for them cost millions of dollars. What’s more, it was discovered that they were aided by a worker inside the prison. Meanwhile, surrounding communities cancelled school and lived in fear that they would come across the inmates, who were both convicted murdrers (New York Magazine, July 1015). This situation brought the country’s attention on one of its largest, highest-security prisons and brought questions about how it was run, who was there, and for what kind of crimes. To understand how the US got to have a correctional system that rakes in a whopping 3.3 billion dollar in annual revenue, it is interesting to look back at the ownership, policies and prisoners themselves from its beginnings in colonial American history.

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